SOCIAL SETTINGS OF INTERVENED ROCKS. INSIGHTS FROM THE EASTERN SLOPES OF CUMBRES CALCHAQUÍES, TUCUMÁN, ARGENTINA
LOS ESCENARIOS SOCIALES DE LAS ROCAS INTERVENIDAS. APORTES DESDE LA VERTIENTE ORIENTAL DE LAS CUMBRES CALCHAQUÍES, TUCUMÁN, ARGENTINA
Julián Salazar and Valeria Franco Salvi
This paper analyses the material attributes and discovery contexts of a set of rocks that were intervened and circulated during the first Millennium of the Christian Era in settlements of the locality of Anfama, southern end of Cumbres Calchaquíes. Archaeological studies have made it possible to identify the original settings where these pieces were used, to propose chronological relations, and to discuss their traditional categorization as rocks exclusively associated with the cult of ancestors. The results allow to state that the manufacture and circulation of these objects took place mostly during the first half of the first Millennium, within a context of emergence and consolidation of village life, and that they acted as ordering entities in household routines and relationships.