CHRONICLE OF CHILENIZATION. ANDEAN RELIGIOUSNESS IN THE ACCOUNTS OF FATHER JULIO RAMÍREZ ORTIZ. SIERRA DE ARICA, 1922-1931
CRÓNICA DE LA CHILENIZACIÓN. LA RELIGIOSIDAD ANDINA A TRAVÉS DEL RELATO DEL PADRE JULIO RAMÍREZ ORTIZ. SIERRA DE ARICA, 1922-1931
Alberto Díaz Araya and Felipe Casanova Rojas
This article analyzes two texts written by the Chilean military priest Julio Ramírez Ortiz (Por la Pampa Adusta y Tierras Gri- ses) in which he discusses different social aspects of the Andean communities of Sierra de Arica during the first years of the 20th century. These materials, elaborated on the occasion of the complex diplomatic scenario known as Chilenization, present a complex sociopolitical and ethnocentric perspective on the indigenous peoples. However, it is also possible to find interesting ethnographic descriptions of the organization, practices, and beliefs of the communities. This ambiguity would be mediated by the chronicler’s thinking of colonial origin, which seeks to account for the incidence of cultural assimilation policies imple- mented in the region by the Chilean State.