POTTERY MANUFACTURING PRACTICES OF THE VILLAGE COMMUNITIES OF THE BEGINNINGS OF THE FIRST MILLENNIUM (CENTURIES III-VI DC) IN THE ARGENTINE NORTHWEST. STUDIES OF CERAMIC PASTES OF UCHUQUITA (ANILLACO, LA RIOJA)
PRÁCTICAS DE MANUFACTURA ALFARERA DE LAS COMUNIDADES ALDEANAS DE INICIOS DEL PRIMER MILENIO (SIGLOS III-VI DC) EN EL NOROESTE ARGENTINO. ESTUDIOS DE PASTAS CERÁMICAS DE UCHUQUITA (ANILLACO, LA RIOJA)
Sebastián Andrés Carosio, Gabriela Sabatini and Pablo Andrés Cahiza
This article presents the results from the study of ceramics from the Uchuquita architectural complex, located north of the Sierra de Velasco, Argentine Northwest (Anillaco, La Rioja, Argentina). The area was occupied during the beginning of the first millennium of the era (III-VI centuries AD) and constitutes one of the first evidence of the village communities that inhabited the region. From a submacroscopic and microscopic analysis of pastes, we recognize compositional features and their relationship with the geological profile of the area, as well as the technical choices during the pottery production process. The information obtained suggests the existence of local/ microregional production for most of the pottery goods consumed in the area, as well as technological diversities and uniformities in different phases of the operational chain. Likewise, we consider the existence of a tradition of pottery based on the daily practices, the environment, the circulation of goods and people, and the maintenance of regional socio-cultural and technological links, in a context of low-scale domestic production. The data contribute to the knowledge of the historical trajectories of the local communities and are a comparative empirical contribution for this region of the Andes.