20185001(en)/08-Disciplining Space, Territorializing Obedience. The Politics of Reduction and Denaturalization of the Diaguitas-Calchaquíes (17th Century)
DISCIPLINING SPACE, TERRITORIALIZING OBEDIENCE. THE POLITICS OF REDUCTION AND DENATURALIZATION OF THE DIAGUITAS-CALCHAQUÍES(17TH CENTURY)
DISCIPLINAR EL ESPACIO, TERRITORIALIZAR LA OBEDIENCIA. LAS POLÍTICAS DE REDUCCIÓN Y DESNATURALIZACIÓN DE LOS DIAGUITAS-CALCHAQUÍES (SIGLO XVII)
The province of Tucumán was a theatre of permanent confrontation during its first century. The resistance of the Diaguitas-Calchaquíes Indians stalled all colonial attempts to settle in the inter-Andean valleys. The Hispano-Criollos progressively implemented a radical strategy aiming to end indigenous autonomy and to integrate that unyielding enclave into the nation: the denaturalization of the Indians and their total or partial relocation into a disciplined and controlled space.
This paper follows the development of these disciplining politics intended to achieve control over populations characterized by heteronomy, since the moment they were caught in the social and territorial reorganization of colonial power. The two moments of open conflict considered in this work -the 1630-40’s “Great Uprising” and the last 1658-64 war-forced the colonial agents to reassess their forms of domination and recruitment of workers and to enforce new ways of seizing the territory and of controlling the population within more strictly disciplined socio-spatial schemes.