20174904(en)/005-Late Pre-Hispanic Societies in Northern Region of the Central Argentina (Sierras del Norte, Córdoba). Approaches from Plant Resources
LATE PRE-HISPANIC SOCIETIES IN NORTHERN REGION OF THE CENTRAL ARGENTINA (SIERRAS DEL NORTE, CÓRDOBA). APPROACHES FROM PLANT RESOURCES
LAS SOCIEDADES PREHISPÁNICAS TARDÍAS EN LA REGIÓN SEPTENTRIONAL DEL CENTRO DE ARGENTINA (SIERRAS DEL NORTE, CÓRDOBA). AVANCES A SU CONOCIMIENTO DESDE LOS RECURSOS VEGETALES
Andrea Recalde y Laura López
The Late Pre-Hispanic Period (ca. 400-1550 AD) is characterized by communities that occupied the central-western area of the Sierras of Córdoba and who developed flexible strategies and patterns of subsistence where seasonal mobility was central. This seasonal mobility allowed exploiting different environments, which provided resources throughout the year. In this context, agriculture, which was small-scale and with scarce or no-mechanization, did not regulate the life of the pre-Hispanic communities but was subject to the absence of other alternatives at the beginning of the productive season. Data recovered in the northern region of Sierras of Córdoba, specifically in Cerro Colorado (Sierras del Norte), reveal similar historical processes to those in the central-western region regarding the type of subsistence strategies and, fundamentally, of (small-scale dryland) agricultural practice. However, the data gathered gradually indicate that these economic strategies produced different landscapes characterized by different ways in handling wild and domesticated plant species. Therefore dissimilar strategies related to agricultural times and mobility patterns were carried out.