5 impact factor: 0,895
Source: 2015 JCR Social Science
Edition of Thomson Reuters
ISSN 0716-1182: impreso.
ISSN 0717-7356: en línea.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS
1. EDITORIAL OUTLINE
Editor Responsibility: The manuscripts are evaluated by the editorial committee with contributions from at least three external reviewers familiar with the subject matter. The authors may suggest names of the possible reviewers. The identity of the reviewers is confidential, unless they choose to disclose their names. The ultimate responsibility for decisions rests with the editorial committee.
Evaluation and Publication Process: The evaluation process takes between 5 to 7 months at a minimum. Once the manuscript has been received and registered, it is sent to external reviewers who evaluate it following procedures set out by the journal. A manuscript can be accepted with or without revisions. In the first case, the manuscript is returned to the author to be corrected and then returned to the editor within a 90 day period, including shipping. The authors must indicate clearly the changes they have made and clearly explain those that they did not heed. Once the corrections have been received, the editorial committee will deliberate and decide if the modifications render the manuscript suitable for publication. The authors will be notified of the acceptance or rejection of their manuscript.
Author Responsibility: Authors are responsible for the ideas and empirical data included in the manuscripts, for the reliability and truthfulness of the information, for the accuracy of quotes and citations, for the rights to publish any material included in the text, and for submitting the manuscript in the required format. A manuscript submitted to the Chungara Journal of Chilean Anthropology must not be published in or presented in the same way to another publication media.
Copyright: The published articles do not necessarily represent the point of view of the Journal. All rights reserved. Neither the whole or part of this Journal may be reproduced or transmitted by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording and retrieval system, without permission by the Editor-in-Chief.
Proofs: These will be sent to authors as third printing tests for correction only of typographical or editing errors. This proof must be sent back to the editor in no less than 48 hours, thus authorizing publication of the manuscript.
Offprint: The authors can purchase offprints of their published manuscripts; however these require a formal written request to the editor and payment for the printing costs up front.
2. OFFICIAL OUTLINE
2.1. Presentation and Manuscript Format
The manuscripts must conform to the following format and configuration: Letter size, with margins 2.5 cm wide. The text must be written with Times New Roman or Garamond font, size 12, double spaced and in line with the left margin (left justification).
2.2. Manuscript Divisions and Pagination
The manuscript must be paginated from the title page through to the tables at the end. It should contain the following sections that begin on separate pages: (1) Title and Título; (2) Abstract-Key words and Resumen- Palabras claves; (3) text-Acknowledgements; (4) Cited References; (5) Notes; (6) List of figures with captions in Spanish and English; (7) Figures; (8) Tables with titles in Spanish and English.
2.2.1. Presentation Page
2.2.3. Text: Start a new page. Start without the word Introduction.
2.2.4. Acknowledgements: should be placed at the end of the text, without starting a new page, before the cited references. This must be left justified, in italicized letters, followed by a colon that is not italicized (Acknowledgements: …). Here is where you mention all the institutions and people that supported, economically, intellectually and technically the preparation of the manuscript. It is recommended that you include the evaluators whether they remained anonymous or not.
2.2.6. Notes: Start a new page (see 2.5).
2.2.7. List of figures and figures: In the paper version, the list of figures goes after the notes, starting on a new page. In the electronic version, the figures must not be included in the main manuscript Word file. Figures must be placed in a separate file. It is required that the text of the figures is in both English and Spanish, with the translation placed below the language used for the main text (see 2.6).
2.2.8. Tables and their respective titles: Start a new page. Tables must not be included in the main manuscript Word file. Tables must be included in a separate file. The design of the tables must be simple, with limited number of columns, to facilitate the printing. It is required that the text of the tables is in both English and Spanish, with the translation placed below the language used for the main text (see 2.7).
2.3. Text Elements
2.3.1. Titles: The main title is the name of the manuscript and it is to be placed on the presentation page, with size 12 fonts for letters, capitalized, in bold and centered. Others are primary, secondary and tertiary subtitles. The primary subtitle must be in 12 font, in title case (capital letters for the first letters of main words), with bold letters, centered, without leaving an extra line between the subtitle and the text which follows. The secondary subtitles must be in 12 font, in a sentence format, with bold letters, justified left and without leaving an extra line. The tertiary subtitles are written with 12 font, in a sentence format, without bold letters, italicized, justified left and without leaving an extra line.
2.3.2. Use of italicized letters: Apart from the tertiary subtitles the italicized letters are only used for scientific names and words different from the original language of the manuscript. Latin expressions of common usage such as, et al., ca, v. gr., sensu, locus, loci, etc must not be used with italicized letters. Proper pronouns and personal titles should not be italicized either, even when these are in a different language from the manuscript.
2.3.3. Use of Capital/Lower case letters: An initial capital letter is used for proper pronouns, mountains, rivers, countries, specific archeological and geographic areas. (Examples: Andes, Mesoamerica, Andean South Central area, Central Andes, Amazons). Also written with a capital letter is the initial name of a phase, period, culture, type, etc. Example: San Miguel phase, Archaic period, Chinchorro culture, Polished Black ceramics. Words such as phase, period, and culture should follow with lower case letters. Write in lower case letters directional, topographic and general geographic terms (e.g. southeast, north coast of Peru, river Lluta, valley of Elqui). The directional terms are only in capital letters when they are abbreviated (e.g. NE, S, W). For Spanish, in the case of oeste or west, the abbreviation should be written with the letter “W” so as not to be confused with the number zero, 0.
2.3.4. Abbreviations: Common abbreviations are written the following way “for example” e.g., years before and after Christ and before the present BC, AD and BP. For BP “present” refers precisely to AD 1950. For texts in Spanish, use a.C., d.C. and a.p. respectively.
2.3.5. Hyphens: Are not used in compound words (e.g. Preceramic, Post Classic, Precolumbian, infrastructure, intrasite, intersite, interaction, sociocultural, agropastorial, etc.).
2.3.7. Numbers: Cardinal numbers are expressed with words if the number is between zero and nine (e.g. three ceramic fragments, eight sites). For numbers above nine cardinal numbers should be used (e.g. 53 lithics, 14 sites), however, these will be written out when they are found at the beginning of a sentence (e.g. “Ten projectile points were found…”). The numbers with more than three digits have a comma (e.g. 3,200 AD, 1,450 masl (meters above sea level) or msnm (metros sobre el nivel del mar in Spanish)). The ordinal numbers are always written with words (e.g. first, tenth, hundredth), except in the case of centuries (e.g. IV century). It is recommended that official nomenclature for archeological sites be followed (e.g. Az–14; 02-Tu-001).
2.3.8. Dates: Dates are written in the following ways: 320 years; August 7, 1953; Century III, fourth millennium, during the decade of 1950s, during the fifties (not during the 50s, nor the decade of the 50s). Radiocarbon or thermoluminescence dates published for the first time must follow the rules given below. For other dates a reference should be given for where they are published. Remember that in English, AD is placed before the number (AD 1900), and BC or BP after the number (1900 BC or 1900 BP), except when reporting calibrated radiocarbon or thermoluminescence dates, since these abreviations all follow the number (see below).
The calibrated radiocarbon date always should be identified as such. They should be expressed as a range(s) of calendar dates using the conventions “Cal AD” or “Cal BC” or in Spanish as “cal. a.C.” or “cal. d.C.” The type of calibration should be identified and if 1 or 2 sigmas were used. One should include more calendar age ranges when available and the probabilities give to each.
If the manuscript includes more than three radiocarbon dates (calibrated or not calibrated) or more than 3 thermoluminescence dates published for the first time, these should be placed in a table.
2.3.9. Measures: Measurements must be expressed in Arabic or European numerals, with an abbreviated metric system, without a period and leaving a space between the number and the abbreviation (e.g. mm; 20 cm; 5 m; 13 km; 32 ha; 8 m2; 2 kg; 400 g. Note exception: 5 liters - liters is spelled out to avoid confusion between the number 1 and the letter l). Exceptions would include a general expression such as “some meters away” at the beginning of a sentence or another example would be “Eight miles to the south...”.
2.3.10. Quotations: Textual quotes of less than three lines are added to the paragraph and enclosed in double quotation marks. Single quotation marks are used only to indicate a quote inside another or if there are original quotations marks inside the quoted text. At the end of the quote indicate within parentheses: last name of the author/ year of publication/colon/page(s).
2.3.11. Citations in the text: Include last name(s) of the author(s) and the year (no comma between the last name and the year). Do not use the expressions Op. cit o Ibid.
The citations in the text with the expression “et al.” must be included in the section Cited References with the initial of the first name of each author included. When the same person is first author in more than one published article in the same year, the co-authors must be mentioned (e.g. Williams, Reyes and Capriles 2002; Williams, Rodríguez and Aute 2002).
Two or more references of the same author(s) in the same year:
Example: for Gonzales, Segovia and Aranguiz with two publications in 1999, the correct reference would be (Gonzalez et al. 1999a and b). The authors referred to as “et al.” must be added in the Cited References section.
Various quoted authors or references to the same author:
When more than one page, table or figure are referred to, these are separated from each other with a comma or with hyphens when they are correlative (e.g. Nielsen 1997:343-345) and with a comma when they are discontinuous pages (e.g. Hourani 1990:69, 89-91). All the digits of the pages must be written out (e.g. 343-345, not 343-5).
Series of various volumes:
Book or Journal Article:
Book or Article in the press:
2.4. References Cited
References are to be written the following way: the first letter of the last name of the author (in capital letters) / comma/ first name initial with capitol letter/ period. In the next line the publication year is written followed by the title, from there the other characteristics will vary according to whether the reference is in a journal, book, chapter in a book, etc.
2.4.1. Book reference:
Moseley, M. 1992. The Incas and their Ancestors. The Archaeology of Peru. Thames and Hudson, London.
2.4.2. Edited Book:
Cremonte, M.A. (comp.) 1998. Los Desarrollos Locales y sus Territorios. National University of Jujuy, Jujuy.
2.4.3. Translated article or book:
Troll, C. 1958 . Las culturas superiores andinas y el medio ambiente geográfico. Translated by C. Nicholson. Revista del Instituto de Geografía 5:3-49.
2.4.4. Chapter in Book: Title of the chapter without italicized letters written in sentence format/ period/ In/ title of the book in italicized letters with sentence format/comma/ edited by/ names of the authors or editors of the book (initial, period, last name)/comma/ pp. / pages of the chapter/period/ Publisher/comma/ city of publication.
Arriaza, B., A. Aufderheide and I. Muñoz 1999. Análisis antropológico físico de Acha 2. In Acha 2 y los Orígenes del Poblamiento Humano en Arica, edited by I. Muñoz, B. Arriaza and A. Aufderheide, pp. 47-64. Ediciones Universidad de Tarapacá, Santiago.
Note that “van Kessel” is alphabetized under the letter “v” in both the text and the list of cited references (van Kessel 1976). Analogously the same applies to hyphenated last names.
2.4.5. Article in Journal: The title of the article in sentence format, without italicized letters/period/ name of the Journal in italicized letters and title case (capital letters for the first letters of main words)/ number or volume/colon/pages (without a space after the colon and the pages). If the magazine has a system of numeration of volumes with correlative pages, it is not necessary to indicate the number, only the volume.
Heusser, C.J. 1984. Late glacial-Holocene climate of the lake district of Chile. Quaternary Research 22:77-90.
2.4.6. Articles in Conference Proceedings, Seminars, Symposia in Periodicals:
Escola, P.S. 2004. La expeditividad y el registro arqueológico. Actas XV Congreso de Arqueología Chilena Chungara Revista de Antropología Chilena Tomo 1, pp. 49-60.
2.4.7. Articles in Conference Proceedings, Seminars, Symposia:
Munizaga, J.R. 1984. Poblaciones Atacameñas: aspectos morfológicos. Actas Simposio Culturas Atacameñas XLIV Congreso Internacional de Americanistas, pp. 71-79. Universidad del Norte, Antofagasta.
2.4.8. Presentation in a conference (unpublished): Title of the presentation in sentence format and not italicized/period/ Presented in/ name of the conference or symposium in italics and in title case (capital letters for the first letters of main words)/comma/ city.
Tarragó, M. 1999. Cerámica y cestería arqueológica del valle de Yocavil. Una aproximación a partir de improntas. Ponencia presentada en XIII Congreso Nacional de Arqueología Argentina, Córdoba.
2.4.9. Manuscript in press (book or article): Use book or article format. The date refers to the date the manuscript was submitted for review.
Soto, J. 2001. Excavaciones en la cueva Río Azul. Antropología, in press.
2.4.10. Draft Manuscript: Title of the manuscript without italicized letters and written as a sentence/period/ manuscript in possession of the author(s).
Verano, J. 1994. Commingled human remains from middle preceramic residential sites in the upper Zana valley, northern Peru. Manuscript in possession of the author.
2.4.11. Memoirs and seminars, theses or dissertations:
Cassman, V. 1997. A Reconsideration of Prehistoric Ethnicity and Status in Northern Chile: The Textile Evidence. Doctoral Dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, Tempe.
For US seminaries, thesis or dissertation in microfilm format use the following format:
Dillehay, T.D. 1976. Competition and Cooperation in the Prehispanic Multi–Ethnic System in the Central Andes. Doctoral Dissertation, the University of Texas, Austin. University Microfilm, Ann Arbor.
2.4.12. Old Editions and/or those edited by someone: Must provide the year of the original editions in brackets after the reprinting date. Title in italicized letters and title case (capital letters for the first letters of main words)/period/ publisher/comma / place. If the book was edited by someone, this name is added after the title: title in italicized letters and title case (capital letters for the first letters of main words)/comma/ edited by/ name(s) (initial/period/ last name)/period.
Bertonio, L. 1984 . Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara. Ceres Editions, Cochabamba.
In this last case, the original year is from the first edition of Childe’s book in Spanish, which is the version that is cited, even though the first edition was written in English in 1936.
Barretto, M. 1998. Paradigmas Actuales de la Museología. (3 junio). http://www.naya.org.ar/articulos/museologia01.htm (1 abril 1999).
2.6. Figures and List of Figures:
List of figures:
The maximum dimension of a figure must not exceed letter size paper (28 x 22 cm). Please note that the size of the majority of the figures is reduced in the printing process. Complex figures with small letters will not result in a visually clear finished product. The letters in the figures must be large enough and “clean” to be readable after their reduction. Avoid downloading pictures with much text. In maps, provide the symbol for north and a scale. A scale should be included in illustrations of artifacts as well. Figures may not include a title (titles go in the list of figures), however, all symbols used in the figures must be explained inside the figure. Titles for the figures must be in both English and Spanish with the translation following the title of the language used in the body of the text.
2.8. Manuscript format example
THE TEST OF COMPETING MODELS FOR THEPREHISTORIC PEOPLING OF THE AZAPA VALLEY, NORTHERN CHILE, USING MATRIX CORRELATIONS
MODELOS ALTERNATIVOS PARA EXPLICAR EL POBLAMIENTO PREHISTÓRICO DEL VALLE DE AZAPA, NORTE DE CHILE, MEDIANTE ANÁLISIS DE CORRELACIÓN DE MATRICES
Richard C. Sutter1
DO NOT QUOTE WITHOUT PERMISSION OF THE AUTHOR
____________________________________new page ____________________________________
This study reports biodistances from nonmetric dental traits for eleven mortuary samples -an Andean Paleoindian sample, a Tiwanaku sample, and nine from the Azapa Valley to test three models for the prehistoric population dynamics of the Azapa Valley, Chile, using matrix correlation analysis of hypothetical design matrices. These models include: (1) Tiwanaku colonization during the Middle Period, (2) simple gene flow over time, and (3) a modified gene flow model with coastal groups demonstrating genetic continuity while diverging from valley populations. The Tiwanaku sample demonstrates significant biodistances with five of the nine Azapa Valley samples, and large but nonsignificant differences with all but the late Desarrollo Regional Gentilar sample from Azapa-8. Inland samples from the Azapa Valley generally become more similar to the Tiwanaku sample through time suggesting gene flow, while coastal samples of the region demonstrate a degree of epigenetic coherence. The results of Mantel tests for each of the three design matrices indicates that the Tiwanaku and simple gene flow models produce nonsignificant and low correlations with the biodistance matrix while the gene flow with coastal divergence model produces significant results. The implications of these results are discussed.
En este trabajo se analizan distancias biológicas obtenidas de rasgos no-métricos dentales extraídas de once muestras mortuorias -una muestra de paleoindios andinos, otra de Tiwanaku y nueve del valle de Azapa- para poner a prueba tres modelos que expliquen las dinámicas prehistóricas poblacionales en el valle de Azapa, Chile, mediante análisis de correlación de matrices hipotéticas. Estos modelos incluyen: (1) la colonización durante el período Medio por los Tiwanaku, (2) flujo genético a través del tiempo, (3) y un modelo de flujo genético donde los grupos costeros muestran continuidad genética mientras divergen de poblaciones del valle, las cuales reciben flujo genético del altiplano. La muestra de Tiwanaku está separada por distancias biológicas significativas con cinco de las nueve muestras del valle de Azapa, y distancias grandes pero no significativas con las demás muestras, exceptuando la muestra Gentilar del desarrollo regional tardío de Azapa-8. Las muestras del valle se vuelven más similares a la muestra de Tiwanaku a través del tiempo, lo que sugiere flujo genético, mientras que las muestras costeras manifiestan una coherencia epigenética. Los resultados de la prueba de Mantel para cada uno de los tres modelos indica que los modelos de colonización tiwanakoide y de flujo genético no producen resultados significativos, mientras que el modelo de flujo genético con divergencia costera sí lo hace. Se discuten las consecuencias de estos resultados en relación con publicaciones anteriores.
List of figures (text in English and Spanish)