LA ESPIRITUALIZACIÓN DEL OBJETO ARQUEOLÓGICO. ANÁLISIS DE LAS NARRATIVAS CONTEMPORÁNEAS SOBRE LO INDÍGENA Y LA DIVERSIDAD EN DOS MUSEOS COLOMBIANOS
THE SPIRITUALIZATION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECTS. ANALYSIS OF CONTEMPORARY NARRATIVES ABOUT INDIGENEITY AND DIVERSITY IN TWO COLOMBIAN MUSEUMS
Jean Paul Sarrazin
National and international guidelines governing museums during the last decades emphasize the praise of cultural diversity, the educational mission of these institutions, and their contribution to generating new mentalities. Furthermore, within a neolibe- ral context, museums aim to become more attractive to the public. Accordingly, two of the most important museums in Colombia have undertaken a considerable transformation of their narratives with regard to archaeological objects. The aim of this article is to carry out a qualitative analysis of these narratives, as well as of the museographic measures and the curatorial decisions that concurred. The results of this research show that these museums have given greater emphasis to topics such as shamanism, myths, beliefs, or spiritualities of prehispanic societies, which relate to a concept of cultural diversity that may enrich and transform the mentality of people. It is concluded that the analyzed narratives, far from promoting the understanding of and learning from cultural differences, reproduce a hegemonic cultural logic that fosters individualization, cultural consumption, and accumulation of information and experiences in accordance with the ideal of personal progress.
Tags: Cultural diversity, archeology, museums, indigenous cultures, spirituality